Born on 25 August 1767 in Decize, he only lived in the Nivernais for the first eight years of his life.
Elected deputy in Soissons in 1792, he had a dazzling political career.
He became one of the most influential members of the Committee of Public Safety and was responsible for reorganising the armies of the North and East.
Responsible for the Terror, he followed Robespierre, Lebas and Couthon to the scaffold on 10 Thermidor Year II (28 July 1794).
His bust, sculpted by Pierre Alain Peignot, is placed in a niche on the façade of a house on the Place Saint-Just in Decize.