Jules Renard, born on February 22, 1864, in Châlons-du-Maine (Mayenne), arrived in the Nièvre region in Chitry-les-Mines, his father's country, at the age of two. He could therefore later write quite rightly: "I have the right to call myself a child, a child at heart, of Chitry-les-Mines. That is where my first impressions were born". "Poil de Carotte" (the third child of the family, who was not wanted), as his mother nicknamed him, lived his childhood in Chitry, in a house that still exists and that he described as "the most beautiful, the most striking of the village". It is still there, from 1875 to 1881, as a boarder in Nevers, that he will spend his school holidays. From the end of 1881 to 1910, the year of his death, Jules Renard lived mainly in Paris. However, he stayed as often as possible in the Nièvre, especially from 1886, when he rented a house in Chaumot, a commune bordering Chitry, which can still be seen today, overlooking the Yonne and the Canal du Nivernais, and which he named "La Gloriette". Jules Renard's attachment to "his little country" led him to be elected town councillor of Chaumot in 1899 and then mayor of Chitry from 1904 to his death. If his life is inseparable from Chaumot and Chitry, his literary work is equally impregnated. Whether it is "Poil de Carotte", his most famous book, "Le Vigneron dans sa vigne", "Histoires naturelles", "Bucoliques" or his famous "Journal", Renard will very often draw his inspiration from the Nivernais countryside and from his "fierce brothers". Finally, it is in Chitry that he died at the age of 46 and was buried on May 24th 1910.